Canada is the 15th largest (Purchasing Power Parity) country in the world and one of the world’s wealthiest nations. It is a member of OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) which essentially to be understood as stimulating economic progress and world trade. In line with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry which employs about three quarters of the Canadians.
Canada is roughly the same size as the United States (3.8 million square miles), but only has 1/10 the people (34.6 million). It’s three times the size of Mexico, with 1/3 the people. Canada’s standard of living in 2015, as measured by GDP per capita, was $45,900, lower than the United States ($56,300) but higher than Mexico ($18,500). The northern half is so cold for so much of the year that the ground remains permanently frozen. As a result, 90% of the people live within 100 miles of the US border. Canada has been ranked by the UN as one of the best places in the world to live. MTV Cities in Canada are very popular which stand for Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver.
Education in Canada is both publicly and privately funded thus leaving the parents to choose the institution of their choice for their children. It is controlled by the Provincial governments like we have state board for every state with a bit of Federal say in it. The Canadian academic year typically runs from September through to June every year. The country is justifiably proud of its universities and colleges. Students from all over the world come to Canada for their tertiary education, and Canadian degrees are recognized everywhere.
The Education Landscape
The institutions are categorize into the following – 1) Universities, 2) University Colleges, 3) Community College and 4) Career Colleges. Universities and Community Colleges are very famous among the Indian student community.
Universities typically offer:
- Eng – Master of Engineering – Degrees that require coursework and a project, with the coursework being the major component.
- MASc – Master of Applied Science – Degrees that require coursework and a thesis, with thesis being the major component. Typically takes 2 years to complete and students can apply for scholarships for these degrees.
Community Colleges typically offer:
- Post Secondary Diplomas – 2 years in duration
- Advance Diplomas – 3 years in duration
- Graduate Certificates/Post Graduate Diplomas – 1 or 2 years in duration
Every year, Canada invites around 250,000 – 300,000 international students to study in Canada and upon graduation students are eligible to apply for Post Graduation Work Permit for up to 3 years. While on PGWP, certain conditions being met they can also apply for Permanent Residency as well.
SPP – Student Partners Program
It is a joint pilot project designed by the ACCC (Association of Canadian Community Colleges in Canada) in Canada and CIC (Citizenship Immigration Canada) offices in India to give the study permits to Canada the much needed push to compete effectively with other countries like Australia, New Zealand, UK and USA. It was originally launched in April 2009 and for the first intake that followed this date that is September 2009, 18 colleges that signed the SPP program recruited close to 4000 students. It is, therefore, extremely successful and the result is it is still open for India even in 2016.
List of all institutions participating in the SPP Program can be found by clicking the link below
The documentation part is also easy under SPP Program and the visa approval chances very high. A student typically applying under SPP has to have the following..
- Good academics – no gaps in between and more than first division marks in preferred
- Not more than 2 or 3 years after graduation, student would be applying for a study permit to Canada
- Student should justify the Canadian High Commission with cross verifiable documents proof as to what he/she has been doing since graduation
- Only IELTS is the English Competency Exam that is accepted and the minimum score has to be 6.0 bands with no band less than 5.5. Some cases, profiles with experience and students applying to Health programs usually, students are advised to have an IELTS score of 6.5 bands with nothing less than 6.
- Student has to pay the 1st semester tuition fee to the college and one year living expenses i.e., CND 10,230 to the Scotia Bank and obtain Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) to be able to apply for Study Permit under SPP Category
- Student has to undergo Medical test for visa at designated medical practitioners
- Canadian High Commission in Bangalore and Delhi usually take 15 to 20 days for processing applications in SPP category.
- Visa success rate in SPP category is usually high and hence we recommend students to choose to apply under SPP category.
Admission intakes – Sep, Jan and May (Community Colleges) I University – Sep & Jan.
What next after completion of studies in Canada?
- Students are left with 90 days of visa after course completion in Canada.
- Students have to apply for Post Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) in Canada before 3 months / 90 days of graduating from the college. You just need to submit the course completion/graduating certificate and application fee. 2.5/4GPA is must for PGWP.
- 1 yr programs lead to 1 yr PGWP and 2 yrs programs lead to 3 yrs PGWP
- Students in PGWP are exempted from LIMA (Labour Impact Market Assessment) to work full time in Canada.
Various routes (to name a few) for students to migrate permanently to Canada
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
- Employers Sponsored – Labour Market Impact Assessment
- International Masters Graduate Stream, Ontario
Some information you should know about Canada
- Visa fee for study permit application is $150 which could be approx Rs 8000 to Rs 9000 and has to be paid in the VFS Canada office in Cash.
- Medicals will cost the student Rs 3000 which has to be paid in the hospital.
- Students can work off-campus from the first day the classes start with the College/University.
- Social Insurance Number or SIN allows the students to be paid electronically by the employer which does not allow wage exploitation by the employer.
- The minimum wage in Ontario per hour is $11.25 cents effective 1st of October 2015.
- Programs famous among the student community are – Information Technology, Business, Health Science like Pharmacy & Nursing and Engineering. MBA is also other popular program among the student community.
Some unique facts about Canada
- United Nations ranked for 7 consecutive years the best place in the world to live
- Second largest country in the world next to Russia
- Traditionally been a country of immigrants and positively encourage multicultural diversity ( First country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as a policy in 1971)
- Very sparsely populated ( 3.3 persons/sq km )
- As per the Canadian High Commission a student is supposed to have 10,000 CND per annum to support his Accommodation, Food, Communication and Transportation. Quebec — 9,600 CND per annum.
- Students above age 19 receive discounts with a photo identification card in travel cards.
Disclaimer: Although every effort is made to ensure accuracy, the information in the page is provided as a general reference guide for students and is subject to alternation. You are, therefore, advised to check Immigration website for detailed and accurate information about visas and related matters.